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Regular Verbs vs Conjugated Verbs

A quick review first on conjugated verbs.

Review: Regular vs conjugated verbs?

Maybe the easiest way to describe what a conjugated verb is, is to pretend conjugation does not exist. If all verbs were regular then the following two sentences would be fine:

1:"Yesterday I het gewerk, and today I still werk, but by tomorrow I will not werk anymore."
2:"Yesterday I is sick, and today I is still a little sick, but by tomorrow I will not is sick anymore."

So, what we learn from this, is that with regular verbs, the word stays the the same in past, present and future. With conjugated verbs, the words differ in each tense. In Latin for example, the conjugation was so important, you would say "Amo"  I love, and "Amat" He loves. In English we have love and loves, but we still need to say "I" and "He" or you would not be clear on the meaning. In Afrikaans the I, you, he-she-it, we, you, they all use the same form of the verb, and even in the past and in the future, the same verb form is used.

But, that is not true for two verbs: TO BE and TO HAVE.

Present Tense: IS
Past Tense: WAS or was GEWEES
Future Tense: sal WEES.
Present Tense: HET
Past Tense: het geHAD
Future Tense: sal HÊ.
Note: With helping verbs (like KAN, WIL, MAG, and MOET) you use WEES.Note: With helping verbs (like KAN, WIL, MAG, and MOET) you use HÊ. In the past tense, you already have HET and GE- in front of the verb, so remember the HAD, and do not confuse the het with the verb.
Janet is hier.
Janet sal Sondag hier wees.
Janet is siek.
Janet sal siek wees.
Janet was siek. OR Janet was siek gewees.
Hede: Janet het 'n visie vir die skool.
Toekoms: Janet sal 'n visie vir die skool hê.
Verlede: Janet het 'n visie vir die skool gehad.

Hede: Janet het vriende. 
Toekoms:Janet sal vriende hê.
Verlede: Janet het vriende gehad.

Regular Verbs

A regular verb goes after the subject the present tense.
In the future tense, the helping verb SAL (or GAAN) becomes the second position and the original verb moves to the end of the sentence.
In the past tense, the helping verb HET takes the second position and the verb moves to the end of the sentence and the prefix GE- is added to te verb.


Hede:       Ek lees die boek. (I read the book).
Toekoms: Ek sal die boek lees.
Verlede:   Ek het die boek gelees.

Some regular verbs are quite abstract, like KRY (get) and WORD (become, getting).

Hede:       Ek word moeg. (I am getting tired)
Toekoms: Ek sal moeg word.
Verlede:   Ek het moeg geword.

Here:        Ek word sterk. (I am getting strong.)
Toekoms: Ek sal sterk word.
Verlede:   Ek het sterk geword.

Hede:       Ek word gesond (I am getting better. literally 'I am becoming healthy.')
Toekoms: Ek sal gesond word.
Verlede:   Ek het gesond geword.

Hede:       Ek kry dit vandag. (I get it today)
Toekoms: Ek sal dit môre kry.
Verlede:   Ek het dit gister gekry.

Hede:       Hulle kry die kans. (They get the chance.)
Toekoms: Hulle sal die kans kry.
Verlede:   Hulle het die kans gekry.

Hede:       Julle kry raas. (You get a scolding. Literally 'You get noise').
Toekoms: Julle sal raas kry.
Verlede:   Julle het raas gekry.

Study the Regular Verb list in the Vocabulary section.