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Separable Compound Verbs

INTRODUCTION

With verbs, you have so far studied (i) OM TE Hê and OM TE WEES (the two verbs that conjugate), (ii) regular verbs, and (iii) verbs that take no GE- prefix in the past (prefixed verbs and inseparable compound verbs). 

This group of verbs behave just like regular verbs, if we could ignore the description part of the separable compound verbs.

SEPARABLE COMPOUND VERBS

In Afrikaans we have two groups of compound verbs, separable and inseparable. This time we focus on the separable ones. A compound verb has two parts of meaning that combine to create the verb, like OVER + THROW to make OVERTHROW.  The action part is THROW, and OVER is the description part.  I will give you some examples below and italicize the DESCRIPTOR part. Now, if you could visualize the descriptor gone, you will see that it is a regular verb. Now bring back the descriptor, and get used to this verb type. As you will see, because the descriptor is part of the word, the GE- is in the middle of the word. We call this an INFIX, in contrast with PREFIXES (in front) and SUFFIXES (behind) the word.

EXAMPLES:

stilstaan: Ek staan stil vir die foto. Ek sal stilstaan. Ek het stilgestaan.
plaasvind: Die kompetisie vind plaas. Die kompetisie sal plaasvind. Die kompetisie het plaasgevind.
voorstel
:  Ek stel die plan voor. Ek gaan die plan voorstel. Ek het die plan voorgestel.
loslaat: Jan laat die wolf los. Jan sal die wolf loslaat. Jan het die wolf losgelaat.
grootword: My suster word vinnig groot. My suster sal vinnig grootword. My suster het vinnig grootgeword.

 

Review

SeparatedTogether
Present TenseModals (Present)FuturePast (with -g- infix)
UITGOOI
Ek GOOI die water UITEk kan die water UITGOOIEK gaan die water UITGOOIEk het die water UITgeGOOI
LIEFHê
Sy HET my LIEFSy wil my LIEFHê.Sy sal my LIEFHê.Sy het my LIEFgeHAD.
AGTERKOM
Ek KOM dadelik AGTER hy is weg.Ek moet dadelik AGTERKOM hy is weg.Ek sal dadelik AGTERKOM hy is weg.Ek het dadelik AGTERgeKOM hy is weg.

Review

SeparatedTogether
Present TenseModals (Present)FuturePast (with -g- infix)
UITGOOI (to throw out/discard)
Ek GOOI die water UIT.Ek kan die water UITGOOI.EK gaan die water UITGOOI.Ek het die water UITgeGOOI.
LIEFHê (to love)
Sy HET my LIEF.Sy wil my LIEFHê.Sy sal my LIEFHê.Sy het my LIEFgeHAD.
AGTERKOM (to notice/detect)
Ek KOM dadelik AGTER hy is weg.Ek moet dadelik AGTERKOM hy is weg.Ek sal dadelik AGTERKOM hy is weg.Ek het dadelik AGTERgeKOM hy is weg.