If you have javascript turned off you may have problems accessing the (pulldown) menu on this site. If this is the case, you may access all the pages through the "Sitemap" which can be found on the top right of each single page. Thank you!

As a review, you are expected to master the following 5 concepts inside out.

Mastery means you …
1 - know what it is (understand the concept well) — PASSIVE
2 - can demonstrate it (show what your know with several examples) — ACTIVE
3 - are fluid in production (doing without hesitation in performance) — MASTERY

Halted performance with pauses and needing to think means you are not there yet. Keep at it till you have fluid performance.

This should be the case with:

  • A - Pronouns
       i-subject,
       ii-object,
       iii-possessive adjectives,
       iv-possessive

Example sentences: _x_ see(s) _y_.   AND    _y_ see(s) _x_.   It is _x_ book.   The book is _x_.

  • B - Verbs
        B1 - Regular verbs *
        B2 - prefixed verbs * 
        B2 - inseparable compound verbs *
        B3 - separable compound verbs *
        B4 - The Verb: wees  *
        B4 - The Verb:  *

*  tenses, questions, negation, modals

Example sentences for B1: Jon VANG die bal. Jon SAL die bal VANG. Jon HET die bal GEVANG.
VANG Jon die bal? SAL Jon die bal VANG? HET Jon die bal GEVANG?
Jon vang NIE die bal NIE. Jon sal NIE die bal vang NIE. Jon het NIE die bal gevang NIE.
Jon KAN die bal VANG. Jon SAL die bal KAN VANG. Jon KON die bal VANG.
DO the same with B2, B3, B4 (wees) and (hê).

  • C - Third Position:
        i-object pronoun
        ii-negation 
        iii-time words

Example sentences: I see your brother. versus I see HIM.
I see your brother today. versus I see him today.
I do not see your brother today. versus I do not see him today.

  • D - Prepositions

Charge: Know the list of prepositions fluidly. E.g. up, down, above, over, under, around, through ...

  • E - Conjunctions: Verb-Second

Charge: Use the verb-second conjunctions: en, maar, want, of. 

You will learn to more conjunction types: Verb-first, and Verb-last conjunctions.