If you have javascript turned off you may have problems accessing the (pulldown) menu on this site. If this is the case, you may access all the pages through the "Sitemap" which can be found on the top right of each single page. Thank you!

Plurals

Plurals: Either add an E or an S to pluralize the noun.

Short and long vowels determine spelling when you pluralize a word. Pay close attention.

Note: word examples are a mix of real and fake words.

(A) Long and short vowels.

Here are some typical examples:
pal > palle
paal > pale
kot > kotte
koot > kote
sup > suppe
suup > supe
mes > messe
mees > mese

 

(B) End in Two Consonants, Vowels and Diphtongs

If these do not fall in the long/short vowel category just get an E addition, e.g.;
boek > boeke
suin > suine
oord > oorde
maart > maarte
kraai > kraaie
koei > koeie
meeu > meeue
meid > meide
kous > kouse
looi > looie
poei > poeie
saai > saaie

 

(C) S Ending

There is no clear-cut all encompassing rule for when an "S" ending is required. You will acquire a feel for these words. Often when a word ends in an R, L or M, the S is used. That is just a guide though.
komper > kompers
vinger > vingers
slinger > slingers
hanger > hangers
singer > singers
werker > werkers
kafee > kafees
trofee > trofees
slee > slees
meisie > meisies
tafel > tafels
amandel > amandels
appel > appels
katel > katels
skerm > skerms
arm > arms
derm > derms
alarm > alarms
film > films
stasie > stasies

 

(D) Suffix -heid >-hede

eenheid > eenhede
waarheid > waarhede
leegheid > leeghede
matigheid > matighede
mattigheid > mattighede
hartlikheid > hartlikhede
moeilikheid > moeilikhede

 

(E) The -ens ending.

nooi > nooiens
lewe > lewens
hawe > hawens
wa > waens
gevoel > gevoelens
jong > jongens
wese >wesens

 

(F) Exceptions

kind > kinderspad > paaie

 

(G) The -TE ending (All are English cognates with an -st ending.)

bees > beeste
fees > feeste
gees > geeste
toeris > toeriste
kas > kaste
teks > tekste
amp > ampte

 

(H) The -F ending when preceded by a short vowel

gelof > gelofte
skrif > skrifte
graf > grafte
skof > skofte

 

(I) The -F ending when preceded by a long vowel.

druif > druiwe
slaaf > slawe
staaf > stawe
gaaf > gawe

 

(J) The -G ending when preceded by a short vowel.

plig > pligte
vrug > vrugte
krag > kragte
nag > nagte
(exceptions)
dag > dae
weg > weë

 

(K) The -G ending when preceded by a long vowel.

plaag > plaevlieg > vlieë