First try to answer each question and once you are done, listen to the audio stream above.
B — Verbs and Tenses
- Explain the separable compound verb and give examples in present future and past.
- Explain perfect tenses in Afrikaans (past, present, and future).
- Explain the conditional or subjunctive in Afrikaans.
- Explain the passive in Afrikaans. What mistake do English speakers make commonly when forming passive sentences in Afrikaans?
E — Special Infinitives
- Which two groups of special infinitives are there?
- Explain each.
- Make sentences with help, kom, gaan, begin, leer, probeer as helping verbs.
- Make sentences with: in plaas van, in stede van, deur + verb, hoef nie, behoort.
F — Infinitives
- What is an infinitive?
- What are the words that you will find with any regular infinitive?
- Explain the word order of an infinitive phrase.
G — Verbs with Prepositions
- In Afrikaans, like in many languages, some verbs are associated with a preposition. For example, in English, you write to someone, you eat with a fork, you read about something, etc.
- Firstly, do you know the prepositions in Afrikaans? (link)
- Do you know the common prepositions for the following verbs? (link) See also LINK.
- praat ___ (with) / gee ___ (to) / sê ___ / vra ___ / stuur ___ (to)
dink ___ (about) / skryf ___ (to) / behoort ___ (to) / deelneem ___ (in)
voorstel ___ (to) / kyk ___ (at) / luister ___ (to) / aard ___ (like)
lyk ___ (like - predict: looks like a big storm) / lyk ___ (like: compare: she looks like you.)
H — Adjective Shift
- What is the adjective shift?
- Can you list some adjective that remain unchanged?
- Give examples of sentences with a change in the adjective.
I — Degrees of Comparison
- Can you explain the positive, comparative and superlative degrees of comparison in Afrikaans?
- Any differences with English?
- Common mistakes English speakers make?
- List a few words that are regular in Afrikaans, yet irregular in English.
J — Prepositional Combinations
- Can you explain when prepositional combinations are formed?
- Did you explain questions and statements?
- Are there any odd combinations?
K — Directionals
- Explain (with examples) how TO and FROM is expressed in Afrikaans.
- Explain (with examples) the movement ON TO and OFF something [vertical movement].
- Explain (with examples) movement INTO and OUT OF locations in Afrikaans. How is that different from English?
- You move from A to B and in the middle is object X. How do you express in Afrikaans when you go:
(i) over X
(ii) under X
(iii) go past next to X
(iv) through X?
- What is the significance of the word klim with directional sentences?
L — Gerunds (past & present)
- What is a gerund?
- Give an English example of a present gerund, then an Afrikaans one.
- Give an English example of a past tense gerund, then an Afrikaans one.
- Do you know the strong and weak forms of the gerunds and why one versus the other would be used, e.g. gebreekte versus gebroke?